© Stephen E. Jones
blood. The bloodstains on the Shroud are real, human blood. The bloodflows are anatomically perfect and preserve the distinction between arterial and venous blood, which was discovered in 1593 by Andrea Cesalpino (1519–1603). In ultraviolet light each blood clot can be seen to have a surrounding serum halo, due to syneresis, the retraction of the blood into the centre of clot as it dries, which would be unknown to a medieval forger and impossible to forge. There is no image under the blood, which means that the blood was on the cloth before the image. This is consistent with Jesus' bloody dead body having been laid on the Shroud and then the image having been formed by His resurrection days later. This alone refutes all forgery theories, since it would be impossible for a forger to apply blood first and then forge the Man's image around the blood, and in fact all forgery theories simply ignore this fact and propose that the image was on the cloth first and then the blood was applied to it. The blood clots on the cloth are intact, which could only occur if the cloth separated from the body without smearing or tearing the clots, which is impossible, unless the body became "mechanically transparent," as in the resurrection of Jesus.
British Society for the Turin Shroud
1. This page, and each page in my Turin Shroud Dictionary, is copyright. However, permission is granted to quote from one entry at a time within a page (e.g. "blood," not the whole page "B"), provided a link and/or reference is provided back to the page in this dictionary it came from. [return]
2. Wilson, I. & Schwortz, B., 2000, "The Turin Shroud: The Illustrated Evidence," Michael O'Mara Books: London, p.75. [return]
Created: 10 March, 2015. Updated: 6 April, 2015.