© Stephen E. Jones
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This is the second installment of part #4 of the April 2016 issue of my Shroud of Turin News. The article's words are in bold to distinguish them from mine.
"The Shroud of Oviedo: A Legendary Cloth Connected to the Death of Jesus," Ancient Origins, 2 April, 2016, Natalia Klimczak. ... The Sudarium of Oviedo, also known as the Shroud of Oviedo is
[Above (enlarge): "Perfect fit of Sudarium of Oviedo (right) to the face on the Shroud of Turin (left)." The article wrongly referenced this back to Dan Porter's now closed "Shroud Story" blog, when it was just another case of Porter routinely pirating without proper attribution the work of others, in this case me. As is evident (but not evident enough for this Ancient Origins journalist), if one follows the link within "Shroud Story" one arrives at Porter's 2012 post, "How good is the match up between the Sudarium and the Shroud?." At the top of that post there is a link within the words, "Stephen Jones ... critique of Charles Freeman’s `The Turin Shroud and the Image of Edessa: A Misguided Journey'." If that link is clicked one arrives at my 2012 post, "My critique of Charles Freeman's `The Turin Shroud and the Image of Edessa: A Misguided Journey,' part 4 ..." It can then be seen that both the image and the words are mine, the former scanned by me from the book, Bennett, J., "Sacred Blood, Sacred Image," 2001, plate 20. I have submitted a comment under the article requesting that this error be corrected and to Ancient Origins' credit it has been corrected and now says "The Shroud of Turin".]
one of the most important relics of Christianity. Next to the Shroud, the Sudarium of Oviedo is the most important relics of Christianity, because the Sudarium is the "face cloth" [Greek soudarion in John 20:7, "which had been on Jesus head," and found in the Empty Tomb by the Apostles Peter and John:
John 20:7 "and the face cloth, which had been on Jesus' head, not lying with the linen cloths but folded up in a place by itself."See my posts 09May15, 06Nov14, 21Sep14, 28Jul12, 04Jun10 & 26Jun08.
around Jesus' head to cover His disfigured face until He was covered by the Shroud.
Evidence that the Sudarium of Oviedo is the cloth that was wrapped around Jesus' head after his death includes: ■ Italian Shroud scholar Giulio Ricci (c.1913-95) in 1965 and 1979 examined the Sudarium and found that the bloodstain patterns on the Sudarium closely resembles those on the head area of Shroud. Using his polarized image overlay technique Dr Alan Whanger examined Ricci's photographs of the Sudarium and found 130 congruent blood stains between the Sudarium and the Shroud face. ■ Since these are complex patterns, their congruence cannot be coincidental. ■ As these are both marks of real blood, both cloths must have been covered the same body at the same time. ■ In 1979 pioneer forensic scientist Max Frei (1913–83) took pollen samples from the Sudarium, and these were found to include Gundelia tournefortii a Middle-Eastern thorn plant the pollen of which also occurs on the Shroud.
Evidence against the Sudarium being a medieval forgery includes: ■ The Sudarium can be traced historically to Spain since the 7th century, and to Oviedo since the ninth century. This provides further evidence that the 1988 radiocarbon date of the Shroud as "mediaeval ... AD 1260-1390" was wrong. ■ There is no image on the Sudarium. ■ There has been no attempt to advertise the Sudarium and so even few Spaniards know of its existence.
To be continued in the fourth installment of this part #4 of the April 2016 issue of my Shroud of Turin News.
1. This post is copyright. Permission is granted to extract or quote from any part of it (but not the whole post), provided the extract or quote includes a reference citing my name, its subject heading, its date, and a hyperlink back to it. [return]
2. Cruz, J.C., 1984, "Relics: The Shroud of Turin, the True Cross, the Blood of Januarius. ..: History, Mysticism, and the Catholic Church," Our Sunday Visitor: Huntington IN, p.54; Bennett, J., 2001, "Sacred Blood, Sacred Image: The Sudarium of Oviedo: New Evidence for the Authenticity of the Shroud of Turin," Ignatius Press: San Francisco CA, pp.13,67. [return]
3. Danin, A., Whanger, A.D., Baruch, U. & Whanger, M., 1999, "Flora of the Shroud of Turin," Missouri Botanical Garden Press: St. Louis MO, p.11. [return]
4. Whanger, A.D. & M.W., "A Quantitative Optical Technique for Analyzing and Authenticating the Images on the Shroud of Turin," in Berard, A., ed., 1991, "History, Science, Theology and the Shroud," Symposium Proceedings, St. Louis Missouri, June 22-23, 1991, The Man in the Shroud Committee of Amarillo, Texas: Amarillo TX, pp.303-324, p.312. [return]
5. Whanger & Whanger, 1991, pp.312-313; Adler, A.D., 2000, "The Shroud Fabric and the Body Image: Chemical and Physical Characteristics," in Adler, A.D. & Crispino, D., ed., 2002, "The Orphaned Manuscript: A Gathering of Publications on the Shroud of Turin," Effatà Editrice: Cantalupa, Italy, pp.113-127, 124. [return]
6. Adler, 2000, p124. [return]
7. Adler, 2000, p124. [return]
8. Danin, et al., 1999, p.11. [return]
9. Danin, et al., 1999, p.23. [return]
10. Adler, 2000, p124; Bennett, 2001, p.13. [return]
11. Bennett, 2001, p.13. [return]
12. Damon, P.E., 1989, "Radiocarbon Dating of the Shroud of Turin," Nature, Vol. 337, 16th February, pp.611-615, 611. [return]
13. Adler, 2000, p124. [return]
14. Whanger & Whanger, 1991, p.312. [return]
15. Bennett, 2001, p.14. [return]
Posted: 25 May 2016. Updated: 27 May 2016.