Monday, November 9, 2015

Were struck in the face #6: Bible and the Shroud: Jesus and the man on the Shroud: Shroud of Turin quotes

Shroud of Turin quotes #6:
Bible and the Shroud
Jesus and the Man on the Shroud:
© Stephen E. Jones

This is the "Bible and the Shroud: Jesus and the man on the Shroud: Were struck in the face" page #6 in my Shroud of Turin quotes series. For more information about this series, see the Main Index.

[Above (enlarge): "The Vignon markings-how Byzantine artists created a living likeness from the Shroud image. (1) Transverse streak across forehead, (2) three-sided `square' between brows, (3) V shape at bridge of nose, (4) second V within marking 2, (5) raised right eyebrow, (6) accentuated left cheek, (7) accentuated right cheek, (8) enlarged left nostril, (9) accentuated line between nose and upper lip, (10) heavy line under lower lip, (11) hairless area between lower lip and beard, (12) forked beard, (13) transverse line across throat, (14) heavily accentuated owlish eyes, (15) two strands of hair"[2]. Vignon markings "(6) accentuated left cheek," "(7) accentuated right cheek," and "(8) enlarged left nostril," are the result of the man on the Shroud having been struck in the face, as Jesus was!]

[Main Index] [Previous: Were crowned with thorns #5] [Next: Carried their cross #7]

  1. Bible and the Shroud #2
    1. Jesus and the man on the Shroud #3
      1. Were struck in the face #6
"The Buffeting Christ was repeatedly struck in the face on three occasions-at the night session of the Sanhedrin, when He was first sentenced to death; after the session in the morning, when the sentence of death was ratified; and at the mocking homage paid to Him when He was crowned with thorns. He was struck by the guard, by attendants of the court, apparently by some of the Sanhedrists, and by the Roman soldiers (Matt. 26:67-68; Mark 14:65; Luke 22:63-64; John 18:22-23; 19:3). The terms used by the Evangelists signify heavy blows that wound or prostrate, blows with the palm of the hand, with the fist, with a rod or switch. The face of the Man of the Shroud was cruelly maltreated. The imprint shows that there were several excoriations, especially on the brow, the orbital arches and the right cheek, where there was also a large swollen bruise. There was an excoriation and a swelling also at the bridge of the nose. The right eyelid is sharply contracted." (Wuenschel, E.A., 1954, "Self-Portrait of Christ: The Holy Shroud of Turin," Holy Shroud Guild: Esopus NY, Third printing, 1961, p.40. Italics original)

"This, then, is the visual evidence, and since it is claimed that the body was that of Jesus, we must examine it against the written evidence we have of him to see how they match. At once the parallels become impressive. Christ was a Jew, of course, and he was crucified. We can consider the extensive bruising, and compare it with the Gospel accounts, Mark's, for instance: `Some began to spit on him, blindfolded him, and struck him with their fists, crying out, `Prophesy!' And the High Priest's men set upon him with blows' (14:65)." (Hoare, R., 1978, "Testimony of the Shroud," St. Martin's Press: New York NY, p.40. Verse corrected)

"The gospels also relate that Jesus was repeatedly struck in the face (Matthew 27:30; Mark 15:19; Luke 22:63-64; John 19:3). Such a beating can be observed in the image on the Shroud. The man has several bruises and swellings around both eyes, both cheeks, the nose, and the chin." (Stevenson, K.E. & Habermas, G.R., 1981, "Verdict on the Shroud: Evidence for the Death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ," Servant Books: Ann Arbor MI, p.122)

"`This is a 5-foot, 11-inch male Caucasian weighing about 178 pounds. The lesions are as follows: beginning at the head, there are blood flows from numerous puncture wounds on the top and back of the scalp and forehead. The man has been beaten about the face, there is a swelling over one cheek, and he undoubtedly has a black eye. His nose tip is abraded, as would occur from a fall, and it appears that the nasal cartilage may have separated from the bone. ...' [Bucklin, R, 1982, "The Shroud of Turin: a Pathologist's Viewpoint," Legal Medicine Annual, pp. 33-39]." (Heller, J.H., 1983, "Report on the Shroud of Turin," Houghton Mifflin Co: Boston MA, pp.2-3)

"Inevitably, because of the varying backgrounds of such men and the already mentioned subtleties of the Shroud image, not all agree on all details. Nonetheless, across their published findings there is a broad consensus in identifying on the Shroud five distinct, major groups of injuries. The first such group consists of variegated wounds to the head, some distinct, others less so. Among the latter, but consistently pointed out by Bucklin, Willis, and others, are a large swelling on the upper right cheek, just below the eye, and similar damage to the nose. Inferred from this damage is a heavy blow struck across the face." (Wilson, I., 1986, "The Evidence of the Shroud," Guild Publishing: London, p.18)

"And some began ... to strike him ... And the guards received him with blows (Mark 14:65). And they struck his head with a reed (Mark 15:19). Jesus was beaten on two occasions, once before the high priest, chief priests, and the council, and again at the praetorium by the Roman soldiers (Matthew 26:67 and 27:30; Mark 14:65 and 15:19; Luke 22:63; John 18:22 and 19:3). The man in the Shroud has been beaten about the face and head, which is clearly indicated by the swellings and lacerations evident on the image." (Antonacci, M., 2000, "Resurrection of the Shroud: New Scientific, Medical, and Archeological Evidence," M. Evans & Co: New York NY, p.119. Italics and ellipses original)

"Jesus was struck at the head and spat upon (Matt. 26:68, 27:30; Mark 14:65, 15:19; Luke 22:63-64; John 18:22, 19:3). The image on the Shroud shows a bruised face, a broken nose and a swollen right eye that is almost closed." (Guerrera, V., 2001, "The Shroud of Turin: A Case for Authenticity," TAN: Rockford IL, p.38. Italics original)


1. This post is copyright. Permission is granted to extract or quote from any quote, one at a time (but not the whole post), provided the extract or quote includes a reference citing my name, its subject heading, its date, and a hyperlink back to this post. [return]
2. Wilson, I., 1978, "The Turin Shroud," Book Club Associates: London, p.82e. [return]

Posted: 9 November 2015. Updated: 17 November 2015.

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